Discuss the varieties of reinforcement schedules, including fixed ratio, variable ratio, fixed interval and variable interval. 8. Describe cognitive influence on learning. 9. Describe biological constraints on learning and some possible effects that learning can have on the functioning of the body. Objective 9 After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to: 1. Define memory. 2. Compare implicit and explicit memory. 3. Compare declarative and procedural memory. 4. Describe the processes of encoding, storage, and retrieval. 5. Describe the characteristics of short-term, long-term, and sensory memory. 6. Define Schema. 7. Describe the accuracy of memory as a reconstructive process. 8. Define amnesia. 9. Describe processes of encoding and retrieval in Long Term Memory (LTM). 10. Describe short term memory (STM), note its limited capacity, and discuss two ways to enhance STM. 11. Compare semantic and episodic memory. 12. Discuss proactive and retroactive interference. 13. Describe chemical and anatomical factors involved in memory. Objective 10 After viewing the television program and completing the assigned readings, you should be able to: 1. Compare inductive and deductive reasoning.