Question Question 1 2 / 2 points When blood glucose levels are difficult to control in type 2 diabetes some form of insulin may be added to the treatment regimen to control blood glucose and limit complication risks. Which of the following statements is accurate based on research? Question options: Premixed insulin analogues are better at lowering HbA1C and have less risk for hypoglycemia. Premixed insulin analogues and the newer premixed insulins are associated with more weight gain than the oral antidiabetic agents. Newer premixed insulins are better at lowering HbA1C and postprandial glucose levels than long-acting insulins. Patients who are not controlled on oral agents and have postprandial hyperglycemia can have neutral protamine Hagedorn insulin added at bedtime. Question 2 2 / 2 points Prior to prescribing metformin, the provider should: Question options: Draw a serum creatinine to assess renal function Try the patient on insulin Tell the patient to increase iodine intake Have the patient stop taking any sulfonylurea to avoid dangerous drug interactions Question 3 2 / 2 points Insulin preparations are divided into categories based on onset, duration, and intensity of action following subcutaneous injection. Which of the following insulin preparations has the shortest onset and duration of action? Question options: Lispro Glulisine Glargine Detemir Question 4 2 / 2 points The drugs recommended for older adults with type 2 diabetes include: Question options: Second-generation sulfonylureas Metformin Pioglitazone Third-generation sulfonylureas Question 5 2 / 2 points Women with an intact uterus should be treated with both estrogen and progestin due to: Question options: Increased risk for endometrial cancer if estrogen alone is used Combination therapy provides the best relief of menopausal vasomotor symptoms Reduced risk for colon cancer with combined therapy Lower risk of developing blood clots with combined therapy Question 6 2 / 2 points Bisphosphonate administration education includes: Question options: Taking it on a full stomach Requiring sitting erect for at least 30 minutes afterward Drinking it with orange juice Taking it with H2 blockers or proton pump inhibitors (PPI) to protect the stomach Question 7 2 / 2 points Long-term use of androgens requires specific laboratory monitoring of: Question options: Glucose, calcium, testosterone, and thyroid function Calcium, testosterone, PSA, and liver function Calcium, testosterone, PSA, liver function, glucose, and lipids CBC, testosterone, PSA, and thyroid level Question 8 2 / 2 points Patients taking hormonal contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy need to take the drug daily at the same time to prevent: Question options: Nausea Breakthrough bleeding Breast tenderness Pregnancy Question 9 2 / 2 points The mechanism of action of oral combined contraceptives that prevents pregnancy is: Question options: Estrogen prevents the luteinizing hormone surge necessary for ovulation. Progestins thicken cervical mucus and slow tubal motility. Estrogen thins the endometrium making implantation difficult. Progestin suppresses follicle stimulating hormone release. Question 10 2 / 2 points When starting a patient with hypothyroidism on thyroid replacement hormones patient education would include: Question options: They should feel symptomatic improvement in 1 to 2 weeks. Drug adverse effects such as lethargy and dry skin may occur. It may take 4 to 8 weeks to get to euthyroid symptomatically and by laboratory testing. Because of its short half-life, levothyroxine doses should not be missed.
July 24, 2018
Identify a problem you face regularly in your clinical setting. Next identify how this problem could be framed as policy issue.
July 24, 2018

What do you believe is the core of nursing? What is the focus of nursing? To live out your philosophy, what should you keep in mind about your patients, families, environment?

This written assignment will allow you to reflect on your beliefs about nursing. Writing your philosophy of nursing will reveal your professional and personal growth over time as you compare previous versions of your philosophy.

Think about the following before you start writing your paper.

You have learned about various theoretical works in nursing including Nightingale’s Environmental Theory, and Jean Watson Philosophy and Science of Caring, Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory of Nursing among others. Which nursing theory most closely matches your beliefs? Why are philosophies of nursing, conceptual models, grand theories, and middle-range theories important to nursing? Why did you choose nursing as your profession? What do you believe is the core of nursing? What is the focus of nursing? To live out your philosophy, what should you keep in mind about your patients, families, environment?


This paper reflects your own values and world view, therefore there are no right or wrong answers.

Paper must be written in APA style.

Paper should be between 5-7 pages excluding cover page and references.

Address the following topics in your paper

  • Your educational and professional background, reasons for returning to school, current practice specialty, and professional goals.
  • Individuals who have influenced your views about nursing
  • Your philosophy of nursing
  • Nursing metaparadigm: your definition of nursing, human beings, the environment, and health
  • Your beliefs: Is healthcare a right or privilege? What are the roles of the nurse? What are your thoughts about nursing education?
  • Trends and current issues affecting nursing
  • Where is nursing going? What can you do to advance nursing?
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